Sockets

Sockets

Sockets.SocketsModule.

Support for sockets. Provides IPAddr and subtypes, TCPSocket, and UDPSocket.

source
Sockets.connectMethod.
connect([host], port::Integer) -> TCPSocket

Connect to the host host on port port.

source
Sockets.connectMethod.
connect(path::AbstractString) -> PipeEndpoint

Connect to the named pipe / UNIX domain socket at path.

source
Sockets.listenMethod.
listen([addr, ]port::Integer; backlog::Integer=BACKLOG_DEFAULT) -> TCPServer

Listen on port on the address specified by addr. By default this listens on localhost only. To listen on all interfaces pass IPv4(0) or IPv6(0) as appropriate. backlog determines how many connections can be pending (not having called accept) before the server will begin to reject them. The default value of backlog is 511.

source
Sockets.listenMethod.
listen(path::AbstractString) -> PipeServer

Create and listen on a named pipe / UNIX domain socket.

source
Sockets.getaddrinfoFunction.
getaddrinfo(host::AbstractString, IPAddr=IPv4) -> IPAddr

Gets the first IP address of the host of the specified IPAddr type. Uses the operating system's underlying getaddrinfo implementation, which may do a DNS lookup.

source
Sockets.getipaddrFunction.
getipaddr() -> IPAddr

Get an IP address of the local machine, preferring IPv4 over IPv6. Throws if no addresses are available.

getipaddr(addr_type::Type{T}) where T<:IPAddr -> T

Get an IP address of the local machine of the specified type. Throws if no addresses of the specified type are available.

Examples

julia> getipaddr()
ip"192.168.1.28"

julia> getipaddr(IPv6)
ip"fe80::9731:35af:e1c5:6e49"
source
Sockets.getipaddrsFunction.
getipaddrs(; loopback::Bool=false) -> Vector{IPAddr}

Get the IPv4 addresses of the local machine.

getipaddrs(addr_type::Type{T}; loopback::Bool=false) where T<:IPAddr -> Vector{T}

Get the IP addresses of the local machine of the specified type.

The loopback keyword argument dictates whether loopback addresses are included.

Julia 1.2

This function is available as of Julia 1.2.

Examples

julia> getipaddrs()
2-element Array{IPv4,1}:
 ip"10.255.0.183"
 ip"172.17.0.1"

julia> getipaddrs(IPv6)
2-element Array{IPv6,1}:
 ip"fe80::9731:35af:e1c5:6e49"
 ip"fe80::445e:5fff:fe5d:5500"
source
getalladdrinfo(host::AbstractString) -> Vector{IPAddr}

Gets all of the IP addresses of the host. Uses the operating system's underlying getaddrinfo implementation, which may do a DNS lookup.

Example

julia> getalladdrinfo("google.com")
2-element Array{IPAddr,1}:
 ip"172.217.6.174"
 ip"2607:f8b0:4000:804::200e"
source
Sockets.getnameinfoFunction.
getnameinfo(host::IPAddr) -> String

Performs a reverse-lookup for IP address to return a hostname and service using the operating system's underlying getnameinfo implementation.

Examples

julia> getnameinfo(Sockets.IPv4("8.8.8.8"))
"google-public-dns-a.google.com"
source
Sockets.getsocknameFunction.
getsockname(sock::Union{TCPServer, TCPSocket}) -> (IPAddr, UInt16)

Get the IP address and port that the given socket is bound to.

source
Sockets.getpeernameFunction.
getpeername(sock::TCPSocket) -> (IPAddr, UInt16)

Get the IP address and port of the remote endpoint that the given socket is connected to. Valid only for connected TCP sockets.

source
Sockets.IPAddrType.
IPAddr

Abstract supertype for IP addresses. IPv4 and IPv6 are subtypes of this.

source
Sockets.IPv4Type.
IPv4(host::Integer) -> IPv4

Returns an IPv4 object from ip address host formatted as an Integer.

Examples

julia> IPv4(3223256218)
ip"192.30.252.154"
source
Sockets.IPv6Type.
IPv6(host::Integer) -> IPv6

Returns an IPv6 object from ip address host formatted as an Integer.

Examples

julia> IPv6(3223256218)
ip"::c01e:fc9a"
source
Sockets.@ip_strMacro.
@ip_str str -> IPAddr

Parse str as an IP address.

Examples

julia> ip"127.0.0.1"
ip"127.0.0.1"

julia> @ip_str "2001:db8:0:0:0:0:2:1"
ip"2001:db8::2:1"
source
TCPSocket(; delay=true)

Open a TCP socket using libuv. If delay is true, libuv delays creation of the socket's file descriptor till the first bind call. TCPSocket has various fields to denote the state of the socket as well as its send/receive buffers.

source
UDPSocket()

Open a UDP socket using libuv. UDPSocket has various fields to denote the state of the socket.

source
Sockets.acceptFunction.
accept(server[, client])

Accepts a connection on the given server and returns a connection to the client. An uninitialized client stream may be provided, in which case it will be used instead of creating a new stream.

source
Sockets.listenanyFunction.
listenany([host::IPAddr,] port_hint) -> (UInt16, TCPServer)

Create a TCPServer on any port, using hint as a starting point. Returns a tuple of the actual port that the server was created on and the server itself.

source
Base.bindFunction.
bind(socket::Union{UDPSocket, TCPSocket}, host::IPAddr, port::Integer; ipv6only=false, reuseaddr=false, kws...)

Bind socket to the given host:port. Note that 0.0.0.0 will listen on all devices.

  • The ipv6only parameter disables dual stack mode. If ipv6only=true, only an IPv6 stack is created.
  • If reuseaddr=true, multiple threads or processes can bind to the same address without error if they all set reuseaddr=true, but only the last to bind will receive any traffic.
source
bind(chnl::Channel, task::Task)

Associate the lifetime of chnl with a task. Channel chnl is automatically closed when the task terminates. Any uncaught exception in the task is propagated to all waiters on chnl.

The chnl object can be explicitly closed independent of task termination. Terminating tasks have no effect on already closed Channel objects.

When a channel is bound to multiple tasks, the first task to terminate will close the channel. When multiple channels are bound to the same task, termination of the task will close all of the bound channels.

Examples

julia> c = Channel(0);

julia> task = @async foreach(i->put!(c, i), 1:4);

julia> bind(c,task);

julia> for i in c
           @show i
       end;
i = 1
i = 2
i = 3
i = 4

julia> isopen(c)
false
julia> c = Channel(0);

julia> task = @async (put!(c,1);error("foo"));

julia> bind(c,task);

julia> take!(c)
1

julia> put!(c,1);
ERROR: foo
Stacktrace:
[...]
source
Sockets.sendFunction.
send(socket::UDPSocket, host::IPAddr, port::Integer, msg)

Send msg over socket to host:port.

source
Sockets.recvFunction.
recv(socket::UDPSocket)

Read a UDP packet from the specified socket, and return the bytes received. This call blocks.

source
Sockets.recvfromFunction.
recvfrom(socket::UDPSocket) -> (host_port, data)

Read a UDP packet from the specified socket, returning a tuple of (host_port, data), where host_port will be an InetAddr{IPv4} or InetAddr{IPv6}, as appropriate.

Julia 1.3

Prior to Julia version 1.3, the first returned value was an address (IPAddr). In version 1.3 it was changed to an InetAddr.

source
Sockets.setoptFunction.
setopt(sock::UDPSocket; multicast_loop=nothing, multicast_ttl=nothing, enable_broadcast=nothing, ttl=nothing)

Set UDP socket options.

  • multicast_loop: loopback for multicast packets (default: true).
  • multicast_ttl: TTL for multicast packets (default: nothing).
  • enable_broadcast: flag must be set to true if socket will be used for broadcast messages, or else the UDP system will return an access error (default: false).
  • ttl: Time-to-live of packets sent on the socket (default: nothing).
source
Sockets.nagleFunction.
nagle(socket::Union{TCPServer, TCPSocket}, enable::Bool)

Enables or disables Nagle's algorithm on a given TCP server or socket.

source
Sockets.quickackFunction.
quickack(socket::Union{TCPServer, TCPSocket}, enable::Bool)

On Linux systems, the TCP_QUICKACK is disabled or enabled on socket.

source