@printf([io::IO], "%Fmt", args...)

Print args using C printf style format specification string. Optionally, an IO may be passed as the first argument to redirect output.


julia> @printf "Hello %s" "world"
Hello world

julia> @printf "Scientific notation %e" 1.234
Scientific notation 1.234000e+00

julia> @printf "Scientific notation three digits %.3e" 1.23456
Scientific notation three digits 1.235e+00

julia> @printf "Decimal two digits %.2f" 1.23456
Decimal two digits 1.23

julia> @printf "Padded to length 5 %5i" 123
Padded to length 5   123

julia> @printf "Padded with zeros to length 6 %06i" 123
Padded with zeros to length 6 000123

julia> @printf "Use shorter of decimal or scientific %g %g" 1.23 12300000.0
Use shorter of decimal or scientific 1.23 1.23e+07

julia> @printf "Use dynamic width and precision  %*.*f" 10 2 0.12345
Use dynamic width and precision        0.12

For a systematic specification of the format, see here. See also @sprintf to get the result as a String instead of it being printed.


Inf and NaN are printed consistently as Inf and NaN for flags %a, %A, %e, %E, %f, %F, %g, and %G. Furthermore, if a floating point number is equally close to the numeric values of two possible output strings, the output string further away from zero is chosen.


julia> @printf("%f %F %f %F", Inf, Inf, NaN, NaN)
Inf Inf NaN NaN

julia> @printf "%.0f %.1f %f" 0.5 0.025 -0.0078125
0 0.0 -0.007812
Julia 1.8

Starting in Julia 1.8, %s (string) and %c (character) widths are computed using textwidth, which e.g. ignores zero-width characters (such as combining characters for diacritical marks) and treats certain "wide" characters (e.g. emoji) as width 2.

Julia 1.10

Dynamic width specifiers like %*s and %0*.*f require Julia 1.10.

@sprintf("%Fmt", args...)

Return @printf formatted output as string.


julia> @sprintf "this is a %s %15.1f" "test" 34.567
"this is a test            34.6"